In our kodachijutsu (Science of the shortsword; 小太刀術) derived from Izumo Kanja Yoshiteru, who created the method in the Teiwa period (1345 – 1349) and is included in Kukishin- Ryu Happo Biken. It contains only three kata in number, but there are countless variations to these.
A common feature of the three is that “draws” the opponent from his safe zone by offering a tempting target.
This “avoidance” is a way to control the opponent and can be for an outsider to look like a passive way of relating to the battle, but it is absolutely not. In Japanese called this position “mukae“ (Welcoming; 向江), ie mukae is a trap. By placing the body in the position that the opponent is perceived as weak, but which in reality is strong, is a further development of kamae.
Kamae is strong and difficult to attack, mukae are seemingly weak, but is just as strong. Kamae uses to discourage the opponent from going to attack, while mukae is for the opposite, he must believe that he can win, but is doomed to defeat the moment he is working aggressively.
This game between the enemy kamae and our kamae and our mukae sometimes called goho no kamae (five principles of attitude; 五法之構 or Gogyo no kamae (Five Phases of Kamae; 五行之構).