Shingyoso in Hojojutsu

Interestingly, the practices of arresting the opponent with rope presents one of the most clear examples of Shingyōsō (levels of formality; 真行草) available in the martial arts. Although applicable to most edo period forms of rope arrests, there are a few ryūha in particular that made use of Shingyōsō quite explicitly, such as Ichiden-ryū (一傳流), Taishō-ryū (大正流), Kentoku-ryū (劍徳流), Sasai-ryū (笹井流), and Hōen-ryū (方圓流), where many of the ties have variations that increased in complexity as they were considered more formal.

Keisotsu kusa sō Sumi (軽卒草総角), Shikō agemaki (士行総角), and shōma agemaki (将真総角) of Hōen-ryū (方圓流).
”Shingyōsō no Honnawa Funyū-ban” (真行草之本縄不入番) of Ichiden-ryū (一傳流).
Koshō nawa (小姓縄) of Taishō-ryū (大正流) and Kentoku-ryū (劍徳流).
Ōyū baku Yō no Shingyōsō no koto (大用縛陽之其行草之事) of Sasai-ryū (笹井流).

As can be seen above, each of the examples from the above five ryūha each manage to express the progression from informal to formal via placement and complexity of the nawagata (rope forms; 繩型) on the captive.

Alternatively, for some ryūha, the ties were divided up in measure of longevity, where  was for temporary ties for use with the hayanawa, while Shin was the category for the more permanent ties performed using the honnawa, and of course the Gyō ties were for anything in between that.


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